Lloyds Exclusion Predictable Indicates Cyberattacks Arent Just About Money
Speaking to CSO, Jonathan Armstrong, lawyer and partner at compliance firm Cordery, says Lloyds decision to apply exclusions surrounding state-backed cyberattacks is not surprising but does illustrate that cyberattacks are often not just about money. Its not a surprise just as terrorism and acts of war have been excluded from conventional insurance coverage for years. We have seen how nation-states use cyberwarfare to raise money for missile programs, etc., but also to spread panic and despair in the same way acts of terror have been used in the offline world for hundreds of years. My gut feel is that non-Lloyds insurers will all follow suit, too.
It is also another indicator that it is becoming increasingly tricky for some organizations to get cyber coverage with things such as premium prices and stricter limitations on the rise, Armstrong continues. For organizations, its a reminder that insurance isnt the fix to everything. It also reinforces the need for organizations to shore up their own defenses.
How Lloyds Of London Works
Lloyds of London is a specialist insurance and reinsurance market. Its a place where brokers and underwriters meet to buy and sell many types of insurance. Lloyds is known for its innovation and willingness to insure unusual risks. If your business has unusual or risky exposures that traditional insurers wont insure, Lloyds can be a valuable source of coverage. The Lloyds marketplace is overseen by the Lloyds Corporation. Among other things, the corporation provides the building where Lloyd’s operates, monitors syndicates financial strength, and ensures the marketplace runs efficiently.
Lloyds began in the 1650s, when ship captains, vessel owners, and others gathered at a London coffee house to buy or sell oceancargo insurance. Nowadays, brokers and underwriters convene at the Lloyd’s office building to buy and sell many types of insurance, not just cargo.
Lloyds Insurance Covers The World
The Lloyds marketplace is one of the worlds largest insurance companies and can be split up into 6 subsections of industries that they target.
They insure both people and companies around the world from different regions, with their biggest market being North America.
As of 2018, the breakdown of their business by region is per the following:
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Lloyds Of London Takes 11bn Hit From Ukraine War
Insurance market warns of financial fallout from conflict and tough year of natural catastrophes
Lloyds of London has warned of a challenging year of natural catastrophes, Russias invasion of Ukraine and inflation as the worlds oldest insurance market braced for a £1.1bn hit from unrecoverable planes and cargoes related to the war in Ukraine.
The group said it had set aside the sum for customers affected by the conflict, mostly for grounded aircraft, ships trapped in the Black Sea and disrupted exports of cereals and agricultural products from Ukraine and Russia.
Bruce Carnegie-Brown, the chairman, said Lloyds had estimated the losses using the same methodology as for the Covid-19 pandemic but only about 4% of claims for losses from the war had been received so far. The pandemic was far more costly for the Lloyds market, where 76 firms operate, at £3.5bn. Overall, the war in Ukraine could cost the global insurance industry £10bn to £12bn, according to industry estimates.
Lloyds has worked with the UK government to implement sanctions imposed over the war, including cancelling Russian firms insurance cover. At the same time, it insures ships transporting grain from Ukraines ports under a UN-brokered deal in July, up to a limit of $500m .
John Neal, the Lloyds chief executive, said:With political and economic uncertainty looming large over society, its more important than ever that insurers are ready to support.
Late 1980s: Piper Alpha And The Lmx Spiral
It has long been normal for one Lloyd’s syndicate to reinsure another, but when Piper Alpha, a North Sea oil rig, exploded on 6 July 1988 causing an initial $1.4bn loss, the practice had become so widespread that the underwriters in Lime Street initially had no idea how extensive their exposure was: the loss was passed around in what became known as the London market excess of loss “spiral” and claim values escalated out of control.
The rig’s operator, Occidental Petroleum, bought a direct insurance policy from Lloyd’s underwriters, who then passed part of their shares of the risk on to other syndicates via reinsurance. Those reinsurers then in turn reinsured part of the risk out to other reinsurance underwriters within Lloyd’s , and so on. Consequently, many syndicates, especially those writing a large amount of excess of loss reinsurance, became exposed to the same claim multiple times through multiple layers in the spiral. Other catastrophes, including Hurricane Hugo and the Exxon Valdez oil spill in 1989, also went into the spiral.
Not all excess of loss writers succumbed to the LMX spiral in fact the spiral was relatively confined to a minority of such syndicates. Among the prominent reinsurers that remained profitable throughout the spiral were C. F. Palmer syndicate 314, M. H. Cockell 269/570 and D. P. Mann 435, while G. S. Christensen 958 reported only a slight loss in 1989 but healthy profits in 1990 and 1991.
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Lloyds Is The Worlds Leading Insurance And Reinsurance Marketplace
Through the collective intelligence and risk-sharing expertise of the markets underwriters and brokers, Lloyds helps to create a braver world.
The Lloyds market provides the leadership and insight to anticipate and understand risk, and the knowledge to develop relevant, new and innovative forms of insurance for customers globally.
And it promises a trusted, enduring partnership built on the confidence that Lloyds protects what matters most: helping people, businesses and communities to recover in times of need.
Do Lloyds Of London Recruit School Leavers
If university isnt for you then you may be interested in the Lloyds Apprenticeship Programme. There are two schemes, Business and Insurance, of which range from between 18 months and 4 years in length.
In conclusion, Lloyds of London is a market place, regulated by the government, and sets the standard for insurance companies. It is not an insurance company, but instead is a global hub for insurers.
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Ease Of Buying And Claims Handling
To buy a policy, all you have to do is to contact a broker/underwriter. They will then consult you on which policy fits your needs and guide you through the buying process.
In terms of Lloyds of London claims, the process is a bit complicated. We will explain it in this review, but it is nonetheless advisable to read a couple more Lloyds of London homeowners insurance reviews to get a better idea of the process. Below are the general steps:
Apart from this process, the U.S. insurance carriers offer a variety of ways to handle claims. These include:
Cyberattack Attribution Biggest Issue Organizations Will Face
The real issue that organizations are going to face will be surrounding attribution, Armstrong adds. Whilst with specialist help you can often say that there are indicators of nation-state involvement, we know its hard to be certain. Its these difficulties which are likely to lead to litigation, as the insurers may think there is nation-state involvement, but the insured might think this is not the case.
Putting proper procedures in place will be key, and to get attribution right an organization will need proper and effective monitoring on its systems to assist in an investigation. It is also likely to need specialist help in analyzing that evidence, says Armstrong. As ever, the time to prepare for an attack is before it happens, and some organizations will want to re-test their readiness plans considering the need to gather this evidence to satisfy their insurers that a claim is in scope.
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Everything You Need To Know About Lloyds Of London
Lloyds of London is one of oldest and best known insurance entities. Lloyds is not an insurance company, rather it is an insurance market that is overseen and regulated by the Lloyds Company. This company makes it possible for those with complex risks to find the coverage they need.
History of Lloyds of London
In the 1600s, Londons importance as a ship and cargo insurance center grew. Edward Lloyd opened a coffee house that was seen as the best place to go for marine information and insurance. By the 1730s, Lloyds began to dominate the shipping insurance market.
How Does Lloyds Work?
This large system remains well-regulated, highly trustworthy and reliable. A.M. Best has given Lloyds an A rating while Standard & Poor and Fitch gives them an A+ . Through its unique mix of coverholders, brokers and syndicates, Lloyds of London gives a wider array of businesses and individuals the coverage they need in a setting that reduces insurers risks.
Quaker Special Risk has a unique place in the Lloyds market. Weve partnered with Lloyds syndicates for over 30 years. Today Quaker has over $6 billion dollars in aggregated capacity and over $30 million in total risk limits in the market. Currently, 18 syndicates participate on Quakers binding authority contracts. We value our relationship with Lloyds greatly and look forward to a continued partnership for many years to come.
Lloyds Insurance Structure At A Glance
The business pros over at thebalanesmb.com gave an excellent explanation about the business structure of Lloyds Insurance, similar to below.
Learn how Lloyds is structured to understand how it helps individuals and businesses.
The marketplace of Lloyds is made up of syndicates who act as insurance companies and collect insurance premiums to pay out in the event of a claim.
These syndicates can underwrite risks that most other insurance companies would refuse.
For example, Lloyds is one of the few in Canada who would be willing to insure a local gold transporter.
This is why specialized industries are often insured with Lloyds.
These organizations oversee the day-to-day operations of the syndicates.
In fact, one Managing Agent might be responsible for handling the business activities of more than one syndicate, and for hiring the underwriters.
The organizations work as the middleman between the insurance companies or syndicates and the Lloyds coverholders .
These brokers are like wholesalers, and are responsible for negotiating and maintaining contracts between the coverholders and the syndicates.
Coverholders are client-facing retailers or insurance brokers who deal directly with businesses.
They solicit commercial prospects, gather the underwriting information of the business and issue policies.
As discussed earlier, Lloyds marketplace can insure an array of industries.
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What Types Of Insurance Does Lloyd’s Offer
Lloyd’s insures nearly every class of business in the US, except life, workers compensation, and financial guarantees. Underwriters at Lloyd’s are authorized surplus lines insurers in all US states and territories, and admitted insurers in Illinois, Kentucky, and the US Virgin Islands.
If you have a question about purchasing insurance from Lloyd’s, contact your local insurance agent or broker licensed to conduct business in your state.
The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake
The 1906 San Francisco earthquake was much more than just a massive seismological event. It was an earthquake, of course. It was also a major urban conflagration along the lines of the more famous Chicago Fire. It was a complete breakdown of emergency services, an urban crisis in the days when the federal government had no means of rendering assistance beyond the use of the military. And many of the insurance companies providing coverage for damages in the region were financially incapable of honoring their obligations.
Even today most insurance policies do not cover earthquake damage. But following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, Lloyds issued instructions to its syndicates topay all claims for damages caused by the quakes and ensuing fires, irrespective of the terms of their policies. Manyinsurance companies went bankrupt rather than pay claims. Lloyds paid the equivalent of over $1 billion to claimants following the disaster in San Francisco.
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What Is Sold At Lloyd’s Of London
Lloyds began as a market for buying and selling cargo insurance, but it now offers more than 60 types of insurance and reinsurance. Brokers can buy standard coverages like property and liability as well as specialized coverages like aviation and political risk. Lloyds can insure almost any kind of business, whether its a start-up, a government entity, or a multinational corporation.
Understanding Lloyd’s Of London
Lloyd’s is not an insurance company. Rather, it is a corporate body governed by the Lloyd’s Act of 1871 and subsequent acts of the British parliament. It operates as a partially mutualized marketplace consisting of multiple financial backers, grouped into syndicates, which pool and spread risks. These underwriters, or “members,” include both companies and private individuals, the latter of which are known as “names.” In essence, Lloyd’s is a marketplace where buyers of insurance and sellers of insurance can conduct business.
The market also includes brokers, who help match buyers and sellers, and managing agents who run syndicates on a day-to-day basis.
Supporting Canadian Industry For Nearly 200 Years
With a nationwide coverholder model and strong support from our broker distribution network, Lloyds underwriters are amongst the largest commercial insurers and reinsurers in the country. Our customers are the businesses and entrepreneurs who drive and serve the Canadian economy and they come to Lloyds to access the scale, diversity and financial strength of our specialist insurance and reinsurance market.
Lloyds provides tailored insurance and reinsurance solutions for a variety of Canadian risks including property catastrophe, professional liability, accident and health, construction, real estate, transport, renewable energy, cyber threats and political risks.
The depth of expertise and breadth of products sets the Lloyds market apart. Customers have access to the combined scale, expertise and capacity of an entire market, not just a single insurance company.
As our world is reshaped by economic, environmental, geopolitical and technological shifts, the breadth, depth and responsiveness of the Lloyds market gives Canadian businesses the confidence to move forward in the face of uncertainty.
Lloyds Insurance Is A Marketplace
Most believe Lloyds insurance to be a single insurance company, but it is actually a marketplace governed by one corporate body.
Lloyds of London consists of many smaller insurance companies called syndicates, that all operate under one banner.
The Lloyds Corporation oversees this network of syndicates to ensure they operate to the highest standard, maintain good financial standing and adhere to Lloyds Code of Ethics.
Like any commercial insurance company, each Lloyds syndicate has a speciality in terms of the industries they like to target.
Many syndicates operate solely within certain regions, as different geographical locations have different underwriting criteria to consider when insuring a business.
These factors include everything from the geopolitical climate of a particular country or continent, to the weather patterns of a nation or region.
For example, a Lloyds syndicate that operates and insures businesses in Quebec doesnt need to worry about hurricanes, while a Lloyds syndicate operating out of Florida will have to underwrite their business insurance policies accordingly to factor in the likelihood of hurricanes.
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Early 20th Century: San Francisco Earthquake And First Lloyd’s Building
On 18 April 1906, a major earthquake and resulting fires destroyed over 80 per cent of the city of San Francisco. This event was to have a profound influence on building practices, risk modelling and the insurance industry.
Lloyd’s losses from the earthquake and fires were substantial, even though the writing of insurance business overseas was viewed with some wariness at the time. While some insurance companies were denying claims for fire damage under their earthquake policies or vice versa, one of Lloyd’s leading underwriters, Cuthbert Heath, famously instructed his San Francisco agent to “pay all of our policy-holders in full, irrespective of the terms of their policies”. The prompt and full payment of all claims helped to cement Lloyd’s reputation for reliable claim payments and as an important trading partner for US brokers and policyholders. It was estimated that around 90 per cent of the damage to the city was caused by the resultant fires and as such, since the 1906 “fire following earthquake” has generally been a specified insured peril under most policies. Heath is also credited for introducing the now widely used “excess of loss” reinsurance protection for insurers following the San Francisco quake.
A subsequent Lloyd’s Act in 1911 set out the Society’s objectives, which include the promotion of its members’ interests and the collection and dissemination of information.
Lloyd’s Of London History
With its roots in marine insurance, Lloyd’s was founded by Edward Lloyd at his coffee house on London’s Tower Street in 1688. The establishment was popular with sailors, shipowners, and merchants, and Lloyd catered to them with reliable shipping news. Lloyd’s coffee house soon became known as a good place to purchase insurance to cover ships and their cargoes against the perils of the seas.
The shop was also frequented by mariners involved in the slave trade. Lloyd’s obtained a monopoly on maritime insurance related to the slave trade and maintained it until the early 19th century. The Lloyd’s website offers an apology for that role, saying, in part: “We are deeply sorry for the Lloyd’s market’s participation in the transatlantic slave trade. It is part of our shared history that caused enormous suffering and continues to have a negative impact on Black and Minority Ethnic communities today.”
The original Lloyd’s Act gave the business a sound legal footing. The Lloyd’s Act of 1911 set out the organization’s objectives, which includes the promotion of its members’ interests and the collection and dissemination of information. Today, Lloyd’s has its headquarters on Lime Street, in a landmark building that opened in 1986.
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